Outline of the Gospel of Mark

 

outline of the gospel of mark

A summary of The Gospel According to Mark (Mark) in 's Bible: The New Testament. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Bible: The New Testament and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. A brief outline of the Gospel of Mark. Click here to: Gospel of Mark [Note: This is a working draft of the outline.]. GOSPEL OF MARK 1 Historically Oriented Outline Jesus, the Redeemer. 2 is a later addition to the gospel text and was not a part of the earliest copies of the gospel of Mark.


2. Mark: Introduction, Argument, and Outline | niudgets.gq


There are three pieces of evidence to consider: title, external evidence, and internal evidence. Further, this testimony is universal in connecting this gospel with Peter. Papias, for example, writes: 3. For he neither heard the Lord nor followed him, but he came later—as he said with reference to Peter who taught whenever the need arose, outline of the gospel of mark, 5 but he did not [teach] according to the arrangement of the oracles of the Lord, 6 with the result that Mark did not err 7 when he thus wrote certain things as he outline of the gospel of mark them.

For he planned out one goal ahead of time, 8 namely, to leave out nothing which he heard and not to falsify any [of the words of Peter]. What is most remarkable about this external testimony is that Mark was by no means a major player in the NT.

It is doubtful, therefore, that his name was picked out of thin air as it were. If this were the case, there would certainly be less than universal attestation. Such restraint speaks volumes for the rest of the NT where they do affirm apostolic authorship. There is not much evidence within either Mark or the rest of the NT to connect outline of the gospel of mark with this gospel.

Still, there is nothing against this supposition. The evidence is as follows. Acts There is therefore the likelihood that the church met there from the mids on. He may have stayed in Jerusalem until the famous Council at Jerusalem met to decide the status of Gentile converts, outline of the gospel of mark. He may then have gone with Barnabas and Paul to Antioch whence Barnabas took him along to return to Cyprus Acts Hence, if Peter was in Rome during that time, outline of the gospel of mark, once again Mark would certainly have had contact with him.

He may have been out of the capitol city since his departure in c. However, there is more. This suggests not only that Mark may have gotten the individual stories about Jesus from Peter, but that he also got a framework for the life and ministry of Jesus from Peter. Not only does Jesus rebuke him for wanting a Messiah without the cross, but if the gospel ends atPeter does not see the resurrected Christ.

The latter has fewer problems with it—and in fact argues implicitly that Mark not only got much of his message from Peter, but that he recorded it faithfully. In sum, Mark had an ongoing and close relationship with Peter for at least ten or twenty years before he penned his gospel. At the same time, he had an ongoing and close relationship with Paul and Barnabas.

Besides this connection with Peter, there is some other internal evidence which may suggest Markan authorship. William L. In other words, Luke may be subtly indicating that John Mark wrote something about the life of Jesus and that Luke himself used this writing. In conclusion, there is no reason to doubt that John Mark, companion of both Peter and Paul, wrote the gospel which bears the name Mark.

The MSS and patristic testimony are unanimous, and the internal evidence certainly corroborates this, outline of the gospel of mark, even if only in subtle ways. When we examine the issue of date, we will look more carefully at some of the evidence, but for now Markan authorship, at least, is assumed. The issue of the date of this gospel also revolves around external and internal evidence.

Not only does the early patristic evidence argue for Markan authorship, but it also makes a connection between Mark and Peter. As we have seen, Papias was the first to make this connection, and it is important to note certain features of his report.

This suggests at least that even if Clement borrowed some of his information from Papias, he also had other sources which stated the same thing, for Papias did not mention a Roman destination.

However, here it seems that he wishes to refute Papias, outline of the gospel of mark, for to him it was important that the first gospel be written by an apostle. Although most scholars believe that Irenaeus is correct about Mark being written after the death outline of the gospel of mark Peter and Paul, they reject his testimony about Matthew being written during their lifetimes. Thus they want to have their cake and eat it too.

There is another way of looking at the data, however. The earliest testimony Papias suggests that Peter was still alive—and Papias claims an earlier source for this as well. This is confirmed by Clement of Alexandria who adds other information Roman destinationshowing some independence from Papias.

But this outline of the gospel of mark not new information, but contradictory information. Moreover, he is further removed from the apostles than was Papias.

Our conclusion from the external evidence is that Mark wrote his gospel while Peter was still alive, outline of the gospel of mark, sometime before Matthew wrote his gospel based on our conclusion about the synoptic problem. We will see that other considerations corroborate this.

There are several strands of internal evidence to be considered regarding the date. In some respects, the most important is outside of Mark, though within the NT. Much of this was covered earlier Synoptic Problem, Matthewand only needs a brief review here.

Most scholars hold to Markan priority and that Mark was written at the beginning of the Jewish War. If we could treat Mark in isolation of the other gospels, this might make sense. If it be admitted that Jesus himself predicted the event, Mark would cease to be a crux. The phrase used to describe the event is of such vagueness. But if Jesus could predict the future, and if the Olivet Discourse neither has all the earmarks of vaticinium ex eventu nor was indeed completely fulfilled inthen there should be every reason for dating all three synoptics before the fall of Jerusalem.

If this is the case, then the ending of Acts may well give us a terminus ad quem of c. Several scholars make mush of this, arguing that the only Sitz im Leben which fits this gospel well is sometime after the Neronic persecutions of 64 CE began, outline of the gospel of mark.

But does this mean that it all started with Nero? The evidence within the gospel is insufficient to indicate this. Just because it was not a governmentally-sanctioned persecution did not make it less painful to the Christians involved. But even though suffering and persecution are definite themes in this gospel, they are not the only ones—nor, indeed, the most predominant ones. One could argue equally well that the focus is on Christ as the fulfillment of the Law, thus rendering it null and void for Gentile believers.

Further, no gospel was produced for only one purpose, or had merely one occasion in its background. When we come to occasion and purpose, we will see that a multivalenced approach accounts for all the particulars better. Sometime in the mids is most probable. There is good evidence that Mark wrote to mostly Gentile Christians living in Rome. In all likelihood, he lived there too. Although some scholars do not outline of the gospel of mark the Latinisms carry much weight, 31 others see them as quite significant.

The first of these examples is particularly instructive, for the quadrans was not in circulation in the east. Hence, the evidence is quite strong for both a Roman destination and Gentile Christians as the recipients. As we have suggested before, all the gospels had more than one reason for their production. Further, one of the strange features of this gospel is that its purpose is especially enigmatic, outline of the gospel of mark. Guthrie lists the following options that scholars have seen: catechetical, liturgical, apologetic, conflict with the Twelve, Christological, ecclesiastical, pastoral, and editorial.

The outline of the gospel of mark, if not found in the Neronic persecutions, must also be multivalenced. One of the factors hardly ever taken into account however is the fact that Mark is writing to Gentilesthough he got his material from Peter, the apostle to the Jews.

Further, what is neglected is the fact that Mark had a strong connection with Paul—and that at one point was out of sorts with Paul. The evidence, though quite speculative in places, is as follows. The church at Rome was established before the Jerusalem Council met in c. The church was probably established shortly after Pentecost, since proselytes and Jews came from Rome Acts The church would have been quite immature since these converts had very little information about Jesus on which to base their lives.

Still, outline of the gospel of mark, it could have been founded by them. Even though Peter and Paul ended up in Rome in the early-mid 60s, we have no record of either of them getting there in the 50s. It is very doubtful that any apostle founded the church cf. The fact that he is in Rome when Paul commends him may be no accident. In Acts Paul expresses his intention to visit Rome for strategic missionary work. Though it is impossible to date this precisely, it must have occurred in the early 50s.

Further, this may not have been the first time Paul expressed such an intention, even though it is the first mention by Luke. One of the reasons why Paul wanted to get to Rome would have been the lack of apostolic guidance in that church.

If the church was begun by proselytes returning from Pentecost in 33 CE, it would have had only hit-or-miss instruction about the faith for some time. There is some evidence that even though Paul did not found the church at Rome, it already had a distinctive Pauline flavor to it. Further, there is independent evidence that Mark wrote his gospel in the mids.

He then composed the gospel for the Roman Christians. Although not intending to belittle this issue, there is excellent evidence both that the last twelve verses are not original and that Mark intended to end his gospel at Rather than get into the reasons why, our approach to the outline and argument will simply assume this. We might modify this slightly: the heart of this gospel can be seen in where Peter wants to affirm that Jesus is the Christ without the necessity of the cross. In his stern rebuke of Peter, the servant-attitude of Jesus is thus seen to be intrinsically related to his own suffering.

Mark dramatically opens his Gospel with prophecies from Malachi and Isaiah Mal. There is no genealogy, for the credentials of a servant are his actions.

In our approach, the geography plays an important role: hence, there are six major sections seven, outline of the gospel of mark, if the opening section is included. He then calls four fishermen near the Sea of Galilee to become his disciples at least one of whom was already outline of the gospel of mark disciple of John according to John This sets the stage for both rounds of confrontations with the religious leaders —; who accuse him of relying on Satan instead In spite of this powerful demonstration of his authority, the religious leaders reveal their animosity toward him —

 

A Teaching Outline of the Gospel of Mark | Preaching Source

 

outline of the gospel of mark

 

Sermons From The Gospel Of Mark 4 The Gospel Of Mark Introduction INTRODUCTION 1. “The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God” a. So begins the Gospel according to Mark - Mk b. The shortest of the four gospels, likely the first one written c. Often overlooked because of the gospels of Matthew and Luke 2. A summary of The Gospel According to Mark (Mark) in 's Bible: The New Testament. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Bible: The New Testament and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. GOSPEL OF MARK 1 Historically Oriented Outline Jesus, the Redeemer. 2 is a later addition to the gospel text and was not a part of the earliest copies of the gospel of Mark.